Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Pagoda dogwood, Cherokee Chief, Flowering dogwood, Carnelian Cherry, Japanese dogwood, Pacific dogwood are some of the common varieties. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Ramsey County. Nebraska Statewide Arboretums’ GreatPlants® 2000 Winner. Some references have separated the dogwoods out of the Cornus genus into Swida, making Pagoda Dogwood Swida alternifolia, but this is not universally accepted and not currently recognized in Minnesota. P.O. Older bark is thin and gray, mostly smooth often with lighter brown, vertical lenticels. Your email address: (required) Twigs are greenish brown to deep maroon, even quite red towards spring and waxy to glossy smooth with a few scattered small, white diamond shaped lenticels (pores). This graceful small tree has pale yellow flowers in May, followed by blue-black fruit, and the leaves turn a beautiful maroon red in the fall. Many insects use flowers, including bees, wasps, flies, butterflies. Richard, you could plant it anywhere but I would not expect it to perform well in your conditions. You may unsubscribe at any time. Will grow in full sun but needs adequate moisture. Having a fruit bearing plant in your garden can be a plus point of your garden. Also Kousa Dogwood is not flowering and Pagoda Dogwood is not flowering . Fragrant, starlike and creamy flowers appear in late spring to early summer, followed by a bird buffet of irresistible blue-black fruit. Pagoda dogwood will do best in average to moist soil in part shade. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 1… For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Could also just be transplant shock, which trees grow out of so don’t panic. Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, strawberry dog wood tree, and kousa dogwood. Grow Native! … Stackman'): GOLDEN SHADOWS pagoda dogwood features variegated foliage -- wide golden margins with a splash of deep green in the center. Also, never judge a tree in the first couple seasons, give it time. Of the 6 Cornus species in Minnesota, this is the only one that does not have opposite leaves. Neither of which I have. Can I plant the seeds to propagate the tree/shrub for wildlife forage? The outer skin on the berry somewhat resembles lychee fruit. Picked out your plants? It appears to prefer partial shade but can grow well in full sun. With its large white flowers in spring, followed by clusters of black berries loved by birds, this native tree is ideal for small gardens, shady places and natural plantings. Its scientific name Cornus alternifolia indicates that its leaves alternate on the branch, unlike most of Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. The wilting is no doubt from overwatering. Pagoda dogwood’s fruits pass through a red stage on their way to becoming bluish black, but the fruit stalks remain a pleasing coral pink. Today’s date is august 19th. There’s a reason for that: it’s exceedingly difficult to separate the fruit’s pulp from the gritty/mealy skin or the seeds. Plant as a specimen tree, group in a shrub border or naturalize in a woodland. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. Great tree/shrub, would highly recommend it. Fruits mature in late summer. After about 3 years my trees are on their own, with the exception of drought and high temps. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 20' x 30-35' Also known as Alternate-Leaved Dogwood. Notes: The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. Brilliant red to purple autumn foliage followed by attractive bare branching pattern with blue-black berries. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. Clusters of bluish-black berries (drupes) and red peduncles (flower stalks); ripens in July. Fills a big space with an airy form. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. Pick an image for a larger view. Description & Overview. Fruit attracts many types of birds. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Autumn … Needs protected, moist, well-drained understory conditions. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Edges are smooth. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. The pagoda dogwood gets its common name because its distinctive horizontal branching habit appears to belong in a Japanese garden, though it is a native species. I water it 2 times a day, in about 3/4 sunlight. Burgundy foliage in fall. The California dogwood tree (Cornus nuttallii), also called Pacific dogwood, Western dogwood and mountain dogwood, is a … CONTACT US PHONE (800) 873-3321 (814) 336-2404 EMAIL [email protected] MEDIA CONTACTS Pagoda Dogwood is the perfect choice for a naturalized landscape where you can sit and watch the birds that are attracted to the fruit. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. The wood is usually not used for commercial purposes due to … Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. The cultivar 'Argentea' (silver pagoda dogwood) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017). Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Moth and butterfly caterpillars eat foliage. Check out the Grow Native! It is important to keep the root zone cool and moist. Perfect for moist, acid, well-drained soils, Pagoda Dogwood performs best in cool summer climates where it makes a wonderful focal point in the landscape. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Once lumped under the genus Cornus with other dogwood species, this genus is now differentiated because its small flowers are distinct and do not cluster together to form a showy "pseudo flower" (pseudanthium). Not sure why people recommend putting them in shadier spots. Flat-topped clusters of fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May or June are followed by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. Flowers are white to pale yellow in late spring, followed by bluish fruits in late summer. Pagoda Dogwood’s species name, alternifolia, refers to the fact that it’s the only dogwood with leaves arranged alternately, or in zigzag fashion along the branches. Small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub, particularly beautiful with its tiers of horizontal branches and fragrant white 2-3" flower clusters. Use only with permission. A pagoda dogwood was recommended. jb. The dogwoods are distinguished from other flowering shrubs by the clusters of small, 4-petaled white flowers and opposite (except for 1 species) leaves that are toothless and have prominent, arching, lateral veins. If you examine any other dogwood—Flowering Dogwood, Japanese “Kousa” Dogwood, even the shrubby Red-Twigs—you’ll see that the leaves are arranged in pairs. Noteworthy Characteristics Native to North America, from Newfoundland to Minnesota, southward to the extreme southern Appalachians, and westward to Missouri. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'W. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. To Mike from Sauk Rapids- The most likely cause of your issue is overwatering and/or improper watering. I have one in my yard in the full blazing sun most of the day and it's doing great. I lost a beautiful Japanese maple the winter before last due to rough winter and would like to replace it with a tree that I can shape if possible. The Pagoda Dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree with horizontally spreading branches in irregular tiers. Pagoda dogwood, Cornus alternifolia. Leaves are alternate but occur in tight clusters around branchlet tips, almost appearing whorled. Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions. White blooms in spring are followed by clusters of black fruit mid-summer. It gets its name from its broad, spreading, layered branches and is widely popular as a landscaping shrub. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. Underplant with a special, easy care collection of Hosta perennials. The flower clusters have no great white involucre as have those of the flowering dogwood, and the fruit is dark purple instead of red. I’m wondering if this is the time for it to change color already, or if it’s dying? Bushy shrub or small tree growing from 12 to 20 feet tall and wide. It blooms with white clustered flowers in late spring; the fruit, small bitter dark blue berries, persists to winter and is highly attractive to wildlife. Similar to Mike from Bloomington - I found a little Pagoda growing in the middle of a bunch of Buckthorns on a north facing moderately wooded slope on our property. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): GOLD BULLION pagoda dogwood features golden yellow foliage. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. They are red berries formed into an approx, 1″ diameter fruit, this is technically an aggregate fruit but looks like a single large berry. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Flowers are creamy white, about ¼ inch wide, with 4 oblong petals that are initially spreading but then fold back tightly over the minute sepals and receptacle. It’s beautiful so far this spring and I am hoping it thrives even more with the extra sunlight, and that it quickly fills in the hole left by the removed buckthorn. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia). Grows up to 15-25 ft. … Facts. Cornelian Cherry Dogwood – Edible Fruit. They should not be changing color just yet. Tolerates short periods of drought. I've read acidic and moist soils are best. Thank you. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. The branches are parallel to the ground creating a layered tiered look with upturned branches like a pagoda. This dogwood has a beautiful red-purple fall color that will add interest to your landscape. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. Pagoda dogwood offers extremely fragrant, yellowish white flowers in May to early June, and attractive, bluish black fruit in July or August. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Leaves are 2 to 4¼ inches long, 1¼ to 2½ inches wide, oval-elliptic to nearly round, the tip abruptly tapered to a short point, the base rounded to somewhat wedge-shaped onto a 1 to 2-inch stalk. Elliptic-ovate, medium green leaves (to 3-5” long) turn reddish-purple often tinted yellow or green in fall. For something special in your garden, this is … Pagoda dogwood or Cornus alternifolia grows to 25' with an interesting flat crown and horizontal spreading layers of branches. Maroon fall foliage; alternate leaves which is unusual for a dogwood. Burgundy foliage in fall. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Cornus alternifolia. Glossy green leaves turn attractive shades of red and purple in the fall. I planted about a 5’ dogwood about a month ago and it’s starting to change color and wilt a bit already. Pagoda Dogwood. Last fall I cleared the last of the buckthorn from our back yard, which is composed of a mostly sandy northwest facing slope. Cornus alternifolia, PA Ecotype (Pagoda Dogwood, PA Ecotype) fruit. The location is also 15 feet from a residential street which is salted lightly in the winter. The fruits are drupes, 3/4 inches in diameter, dark blue-black, and in loose flat-topped clusters. Your Name: An elegant dogwood similar to Cornus Florida in form, but a far better choice for Nebraska. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Their rich coral fruit stalks persist after the berries are gone, and are quite ornamental. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. Applying mulch once every year is essential to make the soil rich in nutrients. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Thanks for your advice. It has a fibrous, spreading root system and prefers when the root zone is kept cool. Flowers develop into blue fruits that are attached to bright red stalks. Alternate-leaved dogwood is the only dogwood in the genus that has alternate leaves. The trunk is typically single, occasionally multiple, rarely over 4 inches in diameter. Flowers give way to bluish-black fruits (drupes) that mature in summer. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. I have two of these that volunteered in the woodsy understory of big oak trees in moist soil and I think this plant is underused. We have it growing under spruce trees in our yard; the spruce only add a minimal amount of acidity to the soil. Pagoda Dogwood Information. of native plants for a particular purpose. In the 2nd and 3rd seasons I will water once every couple weeks, barring drought and super hot weather. Upper surface is dark green and mostly smooth with 5 or 6 conspicuous and evenly spaced lateral veins; the lower surface is pale green with short, stiff, appressed hairs. I was pleasantly surprised to encounter a rather healthy looking pagoda dogwood in a spot I could not remember planting one (although I put in six or so a few years back). I too am hoping that it gets enough light to thrive as it is growing beneath the canopy of several older cottonwood and elm trees and also some young maples (amur?) The Pagoda Dogwood is a little-known tree that can bring real grace to cold gardens. Can I plant pagoda dogwood in direct, all day sunlight? Convex clusters, 1¼ to 2¾ inches across, of short-stalked flowers at the tips of branches. Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet and often used common name of … You'll have no drama, just loads of interest with restful green color, beautiful texture and charm everywhere you look. We do not share email addresses. Thanks for your understanding. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. And the fruit isn't poisonous to humans, but not exactly edible either. 2 times a day is too much. 4. Enjoy your summer afternoons lazing away with a juicy book on a large hammock in your … Grows best in rich, moist, well-drained soil in partial shade. Clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in late spring. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Cornus alternifolia. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. The fruits can be seen July through August, and in some areas as late as October. Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Where in Minnesota? The 4 stamens are much longer than the petals, spreading to ascending around the single white style at the center. Cultivars and their differences Gold Bullion™ Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): Golden yellow foliage turns chartruse-yellow … Cooking with Kousa dogwood fruit. Spreading, horizontal, low-branched tree with great horizontal habit. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Ramsey and Washington counties. Small, round fruits ripen to a deep blue-purple in late summer. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread understory species of hardwood and mixed forests. ... by handsome blue-black berries on red stems. Are the berries of the Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood) edible for humans? and box elders that I'm contemplating removing. Fruit: Fruit is a round, dark blue, berry-like drupe, about ¼ inch diameter, on red stalk in upright clusters at branch tips. We do not share email addresses. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade, sun; deciduous and mixed forest understory, floodplains, thickets. This tree is not used nearly as often as the … Its scientific name Cornus alternifolia You may unsubscribe at any time. The tree requires well-dug, well-drained soil. Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade, Food/Birds, Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar. Becomes small tree with pruning. We reached the end of a five year buckthorn removal project, which has been challenging to say the least. Maroon fall color and an attractive, horizontal-tiered … Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Plant Type ... Fruit attracts many types of birds. Pagoda Dogwood Deciduous tree 15-25' tall with distinctive horizontal branching. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Petioles are 1 to 2 inches and tinged reddish. The Story. What growing conditions are needed? For more pagoda dogwood information, including tips for pagoda dogwood care, read on. You can compare Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood facts and facts of … Cornelian cherry dogwood(Cornus mas) is another dogwood tree that is commonly sold as a landscape tree. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. The pagoda dogwood gets its common name because its distinctive horizontal branching habit appears to belong in a Japanese garden, though it is a native species. It is called shanzhuyu in pinyin Chinese. It is also an attractive plant. Its 4 years old, has grown a ton and looks very healthy. Glossy leaves, early June flowering, colored leaves and fruit in fall. We’ve heard it said the Kousa dogwood makes excellent baked goods: pies, puddings, bread, etc. At the most you should water once a day for only about a week after planting then back it down to every other day for a week then back it down further to once or twice per week for the first season. However, we’ve seen virtually zero recipes for Kousa dogwoods. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Information on California Dogwood Tree. Pagoda dogwoods are especially striking when accented by masses of small, fragrant creamy white flowers in early summer. Pagoda Dogwood – Tree Form. Our native Pagoda Dogwood has a unique tiered growth pattern similar to a Japanese pagoda. Branches are mostly horizontal and give a distinctive layered appearance. Branches grow in irregular tiers, forming a somewhat horizontal, layered look to the plant. It makes for a distinctive specimen or accent plant. Kousa Dogwood has showy fruits and Pagoda Dogwood has showy fruits. 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