Plums … The skin is tart and balances out the sweet fruit. They are easy to grow. Some plum tree varieties perform well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8. The European varieties are mainly grown for processing into dried plums (also known as prunes), but are also grown for the fresh market. The flesh is creamy yellow and fairly firm, the pit is small. Moderate in size, its yellow skin is blushed with pink. Some varieties recommended by WSU Extension for the maritime climate of western Washington are Shiro, Methley, Early Laxton, Mirabelle, and Stanley. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. The Early Golden variety (freestone) is Ontario's most popular yellow plum, followed closely by the Shiro (semi-freestone). Black Knot-Resistant Plum Varieties. It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. In essence, you can graft a flavoursome Prunus domestica variety on to a Saint Julien rootstock, and you have the same fruit but on a smaller tree, which starts producing crops within only 3-4 years. The Friar is an older but still popular black plum. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. Its fruit is very sweet, red skinned and yellow flesh that … Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. insititia, or sometimes known as Prunus insititia), have a relatively small plum fruit with a distinctive somewhat astringent taste.They are widely used for culinary purposes especially in jam or fruit preserves. Above: It is believed that there are more than 15 varieties of wild plums in the United States. Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and can be infused into a deliciously flavored cocktail. These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. One of the most popular varieties in California, the Satsuma Plum tree yields large, oval fruit that ripens in early August. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum… It is sweeter than the Santa Rosa and is ideal for growing in the coastal climates of Southern California! Available rootstocks are very tolerant of wet winter soils; they bloom late enough to avoid most spring frosts; and they have few pest problems. Explore wholesale price data of "Tomato / Plum Varieties - Roma (Heirloom) (TOMATOES, PLUM TYPE / ROMA / large / Origin: CALIFORNIA SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST)" in United States Plum trees are one of the easiest stone fruit trees to grow, versatile and coming in a huge number of varieties you can choose white, yellow or red flesh as well as plum trees that suited to eating, drying or cooking. The Black Beauty is also a good-quality plum. A shiny, ruby red plum, the Santa Rosa makes up 30 percent of the country's total plum crop. Maria Finn July 3, 2012. The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. I picked one up and smelled it. Among them are the Friar, the Black Beauty and the Black Splendor. It occupies 98 percent of the total dried-plum acreage in the state. Long-time favorite plum in California. Damson plums - The damason, damson plum or "damascene" (Prunus domestica ssp. Considered one of the finest dessert plum varieties, they were original imported into England from France in 1724 by Sir William Gage, their namesake. Plum trees (Prunus sp. There a several varieties of black plums. The skin is yellow and crisp, the flesh sweet and juicy. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Stalking the Wild Plum in Northern California. When fully ripe, the Friar is a deep black in color. hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. The Damson's origin is the Black Sea area. Its skin is a beautiful golden color that, when ripe, has brilliant magenta specks and a magenta blush around the stem end. Other varieties that have been suggested for planting in the past include Black Amber, June Blood, Earliblue Fiebing, Ember, Ozark Gold, Ozark Premier, Friar and Starking Delicious. Then, I … First introduced in 1919 by Luther Burbank, the Inca Plum tree produces a heart-shaped fruit that elegantly tapers toward the tip. Plums do well with heavy pruning to keep them 8-10 ft tall and wide (just like peaches). Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Size Price; 1-2 Feet: $35.00: 2-3 Feet: $40.00: 3-5 Feet: $45.00: Details >> Plant a set of 3 plum trees - Zone 4 . The Mirabelle is a small European-type plum. Harvest late July. This bulletin offers information about plum production, pruning, thinning, fertilization, and variety selection in the home garden. Vera DeVaney has been writing professionally since 1978 and also teaches creative writing. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the flesh. Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. Bare Root Plums & Prunes The majority of our plum offerings are Japanese varieties, which include many different colors, shapes and flavors. Damsons are small, usually blue, and used principally for jams and jellies. ), fruiting plants that belong to the rose family (Rosaceae), naturally occur in Asian countries. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - … Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums The Green Gage Plum tree, also known as the “Jefferson Plum,” produces medium-sized, greenish-yellow fruit that is notably sweet and juicy. Japanese Plums . University of California. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. Plums belong to the Prunus genus and consists of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types. All are fine for eating but the European prune types are also well suited to cooking. I now call it the “wild plum forest,” and I’m not sure people always believe me. Customers can come back to the store and buy a similar looking piece of fruit, … The flesh is juicy and sweet, but tart at the pit. Other still-popular old varieties are the Damson and the Old English Greengage, both are European varieties. Japanese varieties are almost always grown strictly for the fresh market (University of California, 2015). With a rich, pleasing flavor and beautiful weeping branches, this is a great pick for any backyard. According to researchers at University of California at Davis, a new cultivar, the Honey Sweet, is even more disease resistant, and very sweet, but it is a fresh-market plum, not suitable for California dried-plum production. Plum acreage has remained fairly stable through its history in California, averaging some 30,000 bearing acres [8]. Prune and Plum … Dried plums, or prunes, are made from the varieties that are richest in sugar and solids. Most plum trees thrive in loamy, well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun. Choosing a Plum Tree. The following is a list of plum and plum-hybrid varieties recommended for growing in the Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay areas by various members of the Monterey Bay Chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers, along with their approximate ripening dates. Photographs by Marla Aufmuth, for Gardenista. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. One day while hiking in a wooded area, I noticed little red fruits scattered on the ground. Tree fruit varieties offered by Dave Wilson Nursery are selected for their appearance, firmness, good shipping characteristics and desirable flesh quality. The Santa Rosa plum is an old stand-by and a favorite of California growers. Other yellow plums include the Early Golden -- an extremely sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the Mirabelle. California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. Plum trees. Created by Luther Burbank, the Santa Rosa Plum tree produces large, juicy purple-ish plums that are exceptionally flavorful and feature a smooth pulp. Approximate ripening dates (for the Fresno, California area), chilling requirements and patent information are listed for each variety along with any special traits. By National Gardening Association Editors. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. Its skin is smooth and shiny. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. The Japanese plum, probably originating in China, was introduced into the United States in 1870. Fruit Report - California Varieties. Ontario plums belong to one of two types: Japanese and European. No need to register, buy now! The Best Plum Tree. Most plums… The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty. Plum trees are delicious, summer fruiting plants that are delightful for fresh eating and with some varieties, drying as Prunes. The Santa Rosa plum is an old stand-by and a favorite of California growers. Pollination is touchy with plums, so make sure to give them a high, spring frost-resistant location and plant several varieties. 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight . is so superior to all others that it could be called "best," many excellent plum varieties are available to a home orchardist. Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. By National Gardening Association Editors. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but … These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. With its semi-dwarf rootstock, this tree will reach 10 – 12 feet in height – perfect for smaller areas with easy-to-pick fruit! Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Good in milder climates, the Burgundy Plum tree has fruit that is sweet with little or no tartness and a pleasing, mild flavor. This section is intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties. There are two main commercial types of plums: the European plum (Prunus domestica) and the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina), each having many varieties. Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Luther Burbank, and most current plum varieties are now derived from these original varieties [4]. Plum trees do quite well in most Southern California growing regions, with the exception of the immediate coastal and low desert areas. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Feb 24, 2019 - California Plum Varieties. Above: Since my first sighting, I’ve started spotting them all over my Northern California … Plum trees are one of the best-adapted fruit tree species for almost anywhere in California. Most commercially grown varieties are derived from either Japanese or Asian plums (P. salicina and its interspecific hybrids) or European plums (P. domestica). Originating from South Africa, the beautifully ornamental Kaffir Plum tree produces a small, red fruit with thin skin and a pleasantly sour flesh that makes it ideal for jams, jellies and preserves. Both yellow and red are descended from Japanese plums; the blue plums and blue prunes are forms of European plums. You will be delighted by the beauty of this plum with its amber flesh and ribbons of red! They can also be stewed and used in pies, tarts, and ice creams. Recommendations reflect personal preferences as The Shiro is a Japanese type plum favored by California growers. Table 9.1. Prunus Posted by Toni. Very productive; great for fresh eating or drying. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. She was a feature writer for the "Lomita News" and served in the editorial department of "The Desert Sun" in Palm Springs, Calif. DeVaney holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from California State University Long Beach. The Japanese plum, probably originating in China, was introduced into the United States in 1870. When ripe, these plums … This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. The fruit fully ripens in June and July, and makes for an excellent prune when dried. A tart fruit, it is better for cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. Only 2-3% of European plums* are sold as “sugar plums” for fresh markets, and the rest are dried as prunes (Day and Buchner 2012). All Rights Reserved. Most of the California French plum crop is destined to be sold as dried plums… Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. be . Shiro Plum-WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing … There a several varieties of black plums. ‘Friar’, the most popular cultivar with black-skinned fruit grown in California… Luther Burbank developed this superior plum in 1906 from new Japanese cultivars. When the tart fruit is married with sugar, it produces the sweet-tart taste Eastern Europeans are famous for, and damsons are the only plum to use for slivovitz making. Typically harvested in August, plums prefer a warm but dry climate, but need winter’s chill (trees exposed to … Space plums only 8-12 ft apart for good pollination prospects. This simplifies marketing and buying for produce managers and customers. Plum Varieties. While tiny and seemingly unripe, a greengage is preternaturally sweet, juicy and deeply flavorful but possessing far less tartness and tannic pucker than other, more popular plum varieties. John encourages potential plum growers to do their homework and find out which varieties best suit their tastebuds and climates. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The most familiar and popular is Santa Rosa with its tart purple skin and sweet, juicy, amber flesh.The tree is usually very productive and, if the plums are picked when still firm, they are more useful for cooking and baking. Damsons are typically harvested in late August and early September, but other plum varieties will … These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Plums grow vigorously and will usually start … When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. Here are some varieties of plums you’re likely to find in markets: California French plums (d’Agen): These small, meaty European-style plums are descendants of the Frenchpruneaux d’Agen, which are used in France to make prunes. Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. Beauty Burgundy, Delight, Howard Miracle, Kelsey, Mariposa, Meredith, Methley, Santa Rosa, Satsuma, Sprite Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. The scent was fruity and familiar. The good news is that Plum Trees are super easy to plant and maintain, especially since we’ve grown and nurtured them long before they arrive to your door. A fairly new variety, the Black Splendor is big, sweet and very juicy. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight tree is an independent cross-pollinator and produces a combination of sweet and tangy fruits. Damsons plum. 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